Jerusalem artichoke, also called sunchoke, earth apple, and sunroot is a relative of the sunflower. Native to North America, Jerusalem artichoke is grown for its nutty, earthy tuber. In the kitchen, tubers can be prepared in many ways and even eaten raw. In this article, we will share how to grow Jerusalem artichoke, the nutrients, and health benefits that they can offer.
How To Grow Jerusalem Artichoke
Start of Jerusalem artichoke from tubers in spring, buy them online or from garden centers in spring. Grow Jerusalem artichoke in open soil or in raised garden beds in full sun. Plant around 10-15cm(4-6in) deep, 30-45cm(12-18in) apart in well-drained soil rich in organic matter such as compost or manure.
As stems are growing taller, draw soil around them to help stabilise and support the plants as they are growing. Water Jerusalem artichoke when soil starts to dry out but can survive long periods of drought. Fertilisers are optional, but if you want the best results, feed with an all-purpose fertiliser when planting.
In Autumn prune leaves to around 3 inches above soil level. Harvest tubers with a fork anytime from late autumn till winter.
Nutrients And Health Benefits
Jerusalem artichoke contains a lot of beneficial nutrients including vitamins C, B-1, E, B-2, B-5, B-6, B-3, and B-9. Minerals such as calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, selenium, and zinc. in addition, the Jerusalem artichoke offers many health benefits. For example, they can help lower blood pressure, decrease blood cholesterol, help with digestion problems, and can boost your immune system.
Both the skin and the inside is edible, so no need to peel off the skin when cooking. Wash and chop them into small pieces or slices and roast, steam, boil, grill, bake them alongside your favourite vegetables to add a sweet nutty flavour to your dishes.