Who doesn’t want to go in their garden late summer, and see a bunch of fresh, perfectly ripe grapes hanging down elegantly from your homegrown grape tree/vine, it’s one of the beauties of gardening. Grapes are wonderful for eating, juicing, and winemaking, and save you a lot of money from buying overpriced supermarket grapes.
Varieties Of Grapes
There are two basic types of grapes – dessert and wine. Dessert grapes need to be grown in a greenhouse to ripen properly or, if planted in a container, grown in a conservatory. Wine grapes are grown outdoors in a place full of sun, if you don’t have a spot with full sun, make sure it at least gets morning sun. The soil needs to be deep, well-drained, and loose. Ideally for both desert and wine plant between October and March, in weed-free ground.
Most grapes varieties are self-fertile, which means they won’t need another plant to help pollinate which means they are easier to grow, and better for people that don’t have a lot of space for example, ‘Venus‘, and ‘Vanessa‘.
Recommended Grape Vines:
‘Venus‘- produce blue/black, seedless grapes that are extremely versatile, suitable for outdoor, and protected growing. They are also self-fertile.
‘Flame‘- produce dark red, seedless grapes that have a crunchy texture and are full of juice. Suitable for protected growing, and are also self-fertile.
‘Vanessa‘- produce red, seedless grapes that are excellent for growing in cooler climates. Sustainable for outdoor, and protected growing. They are also self-fertile.
‘Lakemont‘- produces large bunches of green/yellow grapes, suitable for protected growing, and are also self-fertile.
How To Grow Grapes
Before planting grapevines, soak the roots in water for two or three hours. After trim off broken roots, and set the grapevine into a hole slightly deeper than it grew in or find a bigger pot. Cover the roots with six inches soil, fill in the rest with the remaining soil but don’t tamp it down. Water once planted, but most outdoor grapes will only need watering in sever or prolonged dry spells, but try to keep the soil damp.
During the first 2 years, remove flowers, to help the vine conserve energy. Removing blossom allows the plant to direct its energy towards improving general health. Do not fertilize in the first year unless you have a problem with the soil. Use mulch to keep an even amount of moisture around the vines. During the second year you can use bonemeal. Bonemeal is a good organic source of phosphorus; for new grapevines, mix a little bit of bonemeal into the planting hole. Nitrogen fertilizer will encourage excessive leaf growth instead of the root system the grape needs to make it through the winter.
Nutrients and benefits of grapes
Grapes are not only delicious, but they are also rich in nutrition. Vitamins– C, K, B-6, B-2, and B-1, minerals- copper, potassium, and manganese.
They are high in antioxidants, and plant compounds, that may prevent chronic diseases. Grapes are beneficial for heart health in various impressive ways, may help lower blood pressure. May help reduce cholesterol, decrease blood sugar levels, and protect against diabetes, contain several compounds that benefit eye health. May improve memory, attention, and mood, many important for bone health, may slow down aging and promote longevity. Prevents chronic diseases by decreasing inflammation, and are very easy to add into your diet.
How To Add Grapes To Your Diet
Grapes can be delicious on their own, these are some other ways you can add grapes to your diet- dried grapes(raisins), grapes & cheese, grape wine, grape pancakes, grape smoothies/milkshakes, grape yogurt, grape ice cream, fruit salad, jam, etc.